If you're a domestic drug trafficker, you can blame this guy, Roy I. Caballes, for making your job a lot more risky. In November 1998, Roy was driving on I-80 in LaSalle County, Illinois (somewhere here). For those unfamiliar I-80, it's notorious to Illinois criminal defense lawyers as the fertile crescent for new clients. For drug traffickers unfamiliar with I-80, have bail money lined up before you move product through that stretch of interstate highway.
Anyway, Roy was cruising down I-80 when he was pulled over for going 71 mph in a 65 mph zone. No doubt he developed a slight perspiration as he pulled his car onto the apron, due in no small part to the over 2,500 grams of marijuana he was carrying in the trunk. Luckily, Illinois State Trooper Daniel Gillette told Roy that he would be getting off with only a warning.
But when Trooper Craig Graham of the Illinois State Police Drug Interdiction Team showed up with his drug-detection dog, Roy's fate was sealed. The cops found the pot and Roy got convicted of drug trafficking (720 ILCS 550/5.1(a) (West 1998)).
In Illinois v. Caballes , 543 U.S. 405 (2005), the United States Supreme Court upheld the dog sniff as a valid, non-search under the Fourth Amendment.
Today, drug-detection dogs ride in the back of squad cars on roads throughout the United States ready to hop into action at any reasonable time following a valid seizure of a vehicle.
Roy did his time at the minimum security Vandalia Correctional Center in Fayette County, Illinois. He came up for parole in January 2013, according to the Illinois Department of Corrections website. His sentence is to be discharged in January 2016.
I found this really creepy website that somehow got Roy's address, and is offering to sell his phone number (along with everyone else's, I'm sure).
Here's a video that some guys (I'm assuming law students) made about poor Roy's experience on that fateful day in November 1998.